Demystifying Car Transmissions: A Guide for Malaysian Drivers

JamesFeb 23, 2024, 09:25 PM

A transmission is a device that changes the speed and torque from the engine, generally can be divided into manual transmission and automatic transmission.


Explanation of transmission types

The transmission is a device that changes the speed and torque from the engine, most transmissions are composed of many gears of different diameters. Transmissions are primarily used to modify the torque and speed of the engine crankshaft to meet the varying requirements of driving wheel traction and vehicle speed under different driving conditions such as starting, accelerating, driving, and overcoming various road obstacles.





Classification of transmissions

● Manual transmission

● Automatic transmission

● Manumatic (automatic with manual mode)

● Fixed gear ratio transmission

● Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) / CVT with simulated shifts

● Dual clutch transmission (divided into dry and wet)

● AMT transmission

● ISR transmission

● Hybrid drive special transmission (DHT transmission)

● Three-clutch electric drive transmission

● Electronic CVT (E-CVT)


The parameter "7-speed manumatic" in the parameter configuration page refers to: this model is an automatic transmission with manual control gears, and there are 7 gears.


If you see "7-speed CVT manumatic", this refers to the transmission structure is a CVT structure, but with 7 simulated gears.





The function of the transmission

The transmission plays a variety of roles in the operation of the vehicle, for example:

● It allows the car to run at a very low and stable speed, which is difficult to achieve by just relying on the lowest stable speed of the internal engine alone.

● The reverse gear of the transmission allows the car to drive backwards.

● Its neutral gear allows the car to disconnect the engine from the drivetrain for long periods of time when starting the engine, parking and gliding.

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